According to Greek Methodology, there is something called” Pandora’s Box”. This box, though presented as a gift by the gods, was no such thing. In the box, was all manner of diseases, sickness, and ill-fate. And Pandora opened this box. Which according to Greek mythology was when all diseases entered into the world.
Though, scientifically, we know that this was near close to impossible. However, it is a bit relieving to blame someone for all the diseases, pain and suffering that we have in the world. We also have someone to blame for the world’s deadliest diseases to human beings. Some of which we are going to look at below.
The World’s Deadliest Diseases
Ischemic Heart Disease
According to WHO, Ischemic Heart Disease is one of the deadliest diseases in the world. Ischemic heart disease is also known as Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). CAD occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. CAD, when untreated will lead to chest pain, heart failure as well as arrhythmias.
According to statistics, CAD is responsible for at least 15.5% of deaths in the whole world. While the mortality rates of this disease have reduced in first world countries, there are still increasing in third world counties.
CAD can be prevented by exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking and drinking in moderation. If by chance you have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and your family have a history of CAD, you need to make sure that you have regular check-ups with the doctor.
Strokes are caused by the artery in the brain being blocked or leaking. This will then lead to your brain being deprived of oxygen which leads to the brain cells dying within a few minutes. When someone has a stroke, they feel a sudden numbness. They also feel confused and have trouble with both walking and seeing. If a stroke is left untreated, it can lead to long-term disability.
Strokes are responsible for 11.1% of all deaths worldwide. Other than this, they are also responsible for three-quarters of the cases of long term disability.
Risk factors that are associated with strokes include high blood pressure and smoking especially when it is combined with oral contraceptives. Other risk factors include being a female as well as being African- American.
To reduce your chances of getting a stroke you need to make sure that you lead a healthy life. This means you need to go regular check-ups as well as an excise. You may also need sot moderate your drinking and avoiding smoking completely.
What Other Diseases Are The Most Deadly To Man?
There are several other diseases that are slowly reducing the number of people in the world with each passing day. Some of these include:
- Lower Respiratory Infections (influenza, pneumonia, bronchitis, tuberculosis)
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Lung cancer/s (trachea, bronchus)
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Dementias ( Alzheimer’s Diseases)
- Dehydration caused by diarrheal diseases