It really seems that seas will continue to rise and, at the same time, glaciers will continue to melt even if countries do all they can to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
Its no secret that climate change creates a lot of problems and as it seems, the situation is going to worsen. In fact, we can already see some climate change impacts and they are only going to worsen. A report that was released in September showed just how bad things could get if we continue to emit greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Below, we list some of the effects of climate change.
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Glaciers And Ice Sheets
We can already see glaciers and ice sheets shrinking. In fact, the Greenland ice sheet lost tons of ice between 2006 and 2015. The amount of water fr4om that alone is enough to cause global sea levels to rise. Earlier in July, about 57% of the ice sheets showed signs of melting. Also, glaciers from the Himalayas to chile and Canada lose about 220 billion tons per year, which threatens the safety of many people who make use of meltwater to meet their daily water needs.
Greenland and Antarctica have contributed to the rising sea levels as well. In fact, the two ice sheets are estimated to contribute a combined total of 11cm of sea-level rise by 2100.
Apart from the ice that sits on top of mountains and landmasses, there is thick ice that blankets the Arctic Sea. Scientists have said that the ice helps to reflect sunlight away from the earth. As a result, the Arctic doesn’t get too hot. However, the ice is shrinking.
Satellite records show that the lid of ice that covers the Arctic Ocean is shrinking steadily. That means that if the climate continues to change like this, that means that the probability of September being without ice after the summertime jumps up from 1% to between 10% and 35%. This has the potential to take away habitat for arctic mammals and birds. That also means more water will be exposed, which absorbs more sunshine.
Frozen soil has carbon trapped in the ground. Lately, this soil is warming to record levels. In fact, it has increased an average of 0.29°C between 2007 and 2016. That mean the Arctic is estimated to contain twice as much carbon as that which is in the air. It is also estimated that by 2100, the expanse of the earth’s permafrost could actually exhale about tens to hundreds of billions of tons of carbon. This will be in the form of carbon dioxide and methane. This will obviously make global warming even worse. At the same time, though, the thawed regions might actually see more plant growth. This has the potential to pull some of the carbon back into the soil. However, this is nearly not enough to make up for all the carbon that would have been released.